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Chap 6 - Rome

True/False
Indicate whether the statement is true or false.
 

 1. 

One reason that some people believed that Jesus was the Messiah was because of the fulfillment of prophecies.
 

 2. 

Jesus was born in the year 4 B.C.
 

 3. 

The Christian religion was initially persecuted within the Roman Empire.
 

 4. 

The rise of Christianity was one of the reasons for the collapse of the Roman Empire.
 

 5. 

Edward Gibbon said that two things which helped Christianity grow were the doctrine of a future life, and the existence of miracles in the early Church.
 

 6. 

Rome was first an empire, then later degenerated into a republic.
 

 7. 

Republic means “a thing of the public.”
 

 8. 

While Christianity began to grow in the Roman Empire, one thing that impeded and prevented its growth, according to Gibbon, was the austere morals of the Christians.
 

 9. 

Romans were harsh with their enemies once they conquered them.
 

 10. 

Caesar was killed because of a large debt he owed Cassius and refused to pay.
 

 11. 

One Roman legal right was the right for the accused to be faced by his accusers.
 

 12. 

Constantine was the Emperor who ended the persecution of Christians.
 

 13. 

The era after Pax Romana was characterized by violence, many rulers, and social problems.
 

 14. 

The expresssion “the fall of the Roman Empire” refers to the Eastern Roman Empire.
 

 15. 

Spanish barbarians attacked Rome from the North.
 

 16. 

The attacks of Atila the Hun and other invaders sent Germanic peoples fleeing into the Roman Empire.
 

 17. 

The use of slave labor helped most of Rome’s farmers become more efficient.
 

 18. 

Rome disappeared from the map when they were destroyed in 476 A.D.
 

Matching
 
 
Match each person with the correct statement below.
a.
Augustus
f.
Paul
b.
Julius Caesar
g.
Ptolemy
c.
Hannibal
h.
Virgil
d.
Jesus
i.
Nero
e.
Odoacer
j.
Cicero
 

 19. 

Leader of Carthaginian army who crossed the Alps to invade Italy
 

 20. 

General who brought Gaul under Roman control
 

 21. 

First ruler of the Roman Empire
 

 22. 

Author of the Roman epic poem, the Aeneid
 

 23. 

Astronomer who theorized that the Earth was the center of the universe
 

 24. 

Central figure in Christianity
 

 25. 

Jewish convert who spread Christianity from Mesopotamia to Rome
 

 26. 

German leader who ousted the emperor in Rome
 

 27. 

Famous Roman orator, philosopher, politician.
 

 28. 

The emperor who set fire to part of Rome and then blamed it on Christians.
 
 
Match the position, structure, or person with the correction description.
a.
Tribune
f.
Gracchi
b.
Consul
g.
Pantheon
c.
Plebeian
h.
Circus Maximus
d.
Patrician
i.
Galen
e.
Dictator
j.
Livy
 

 29. 

Large racecourse
 

 30. 

Member of the Roman upper class
 

 31. 

Position held by plebeians
 

 32. 

One of two appointed leaders who ran the Roman government
 

 33. 

Limited to 6 months tenure
 

 34. 

Member of Roman lower class
 

 35. 

Voice for the poor, and reform
 

 36. 

Temple to the Roman gods
 

 37. 

Historian who tried to arouse patriotism in Romans and restore the traditional Roman values.
 

 38. 

Roman physician who wrote a medical encyclopedia
 
 
Match the year with the event.
a.
313 AC
e.
476 AD
b.
509 BC
f.
392 AD
c.
30 AD
g.
27 BC
d.
70 AD
h.
44 BC
 

 39. 

Beginning of Pax Romana
 

 40. 

Edict of Milan
 

 41. 

Crucifixtion of Jesus
 

 42. 

Assassination of Julius Caesar
 

 43. 

Romans destroy Jerusalem
 

 44. 

The Romans dethrone the Etruscan king
 

 45. 

The fall of the Roman Empire
 

 46. 

Christianity becomes the official religion of the Roman Empire
 
 
Match the letter on map 6.1 with the best explanation below.  Some letters may be used more than once, and some not at all.
grp004-1.jpgMap 6.1
a.
A
e.
E
b.
B
f.
F
c.
C
g.
G
d.
D
 

 47. 

Gaul
 

 48. 

Sicily
 

 49. 

Carthage
 

 50. 

Poloponnesia
 

 51. 

Rome
 

 52. 

The Alps
 

 53. 

The Rubicon River
 

 54. 

“Ilia jacta est.”
 

Multiple Choice
Identify the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question.
 

 55. 

Pax Romana began during the reign of
a.
Augustus.
c.
Constantine.
b.
Diocletian.
d.
Theodosius.
 

 56. 

How long did the Pax Romana last?
a.
100 years
c.
300 years
b.
200 years
d.
400 years
 

 57. 

In Roman government, who represented the rights of plebeians?
a.
senators
c.
tribunes
b.
patricians
d.
consuls
 

 58. 

After the deaths of the Gracchus brothers, the Roman republic experienced
a.
a series of civil wars.
c.
democratic reforms.
b.
a stable government.
d.
peace and prosperity.
 

 59. 

In the fields of art and literature, Romans were greatly influenced by the culture of
a.
Carthage.
c.
Gaul.
b.
Greece.
d.
Palestine.
 

 60. 

During the empire, the Roman legal system contributed to
a.
the outbreak of civil war.
c.
the downfall of the emperor.
b.
further conquests.
d.
unity and stability.
 

 61. 

Which of the following statements is NOT a principle of Roman law?
a.
People are equal under the law.
b.
Accused is innocent until proven guilty.
c.
Accused can face his accusers
d.
All of these are principles of Roman law.
 

 62. 

Jesus proclaimed that his mission was to
a.
overthrow Roman rule.
b.
reject the Ten Commandments.
c.
bring spiritual salvation to believers.
d.
lead the Jews out of Palestine.
 

 63. 

The Pax Romana ended in A.D. 180, after the death of
a.
Julius Caesar.
c.
Diocletian.
b.
Constantine.
d.
Marcus Aurelius.
 

 64. 

Which of the following places did Constantine make the center of power for the Roman Empire?
a.
Jerusalem
c.
Constantinople
b.
Carthage
d.
Rome
 

 65. 

Who fought the Punic Wars?
a.
Greece and Troy
c.
Rome and Carthage
b.
Athens and Sparta
d.
Rome and Sicily
 

 66. 

“Veni, vidi, vici” means
a.
vanity, verity, victory
c.
go in, go out, go win
b.
I am victorious, I am vain, I am a victim
d.
I came, I saw, I conquered.
 

 67. 

“Crossing the rubicon”
a.
Refers to crossing the Rubicon River.
c.
Making a decision with tough consequences
b.
Caesar re-entering Rome with his army, against the orders of the Senate.
d.
All of these
 

 68. 

Which of the following places did Constantine make the center of power for the Roman Empire?
a.
Jerusalem
c.
Constantinople
b.
Carthage
d.
Rome
 

 69. 

Which of the following places did Constantine make the center of power for the Roman Empire?
a.
Jerusalem
c.
Constantinople
b.
Carthage
d.
Rome
 

 70. 

Romans excelled in building practical things, including all of the following EXCEPT
a.
bridges
c.
pyramids
b.
aqueducts
d.
roads
 

 71. 

What best characterizes Roman art?
a.
surreal, blurring reality
c.
realistic and sometimes idealistic, showing the human form as it is and could be
b.
avant garde, giant step beyond Greece
d.
sentimental, longing for a former era
 

Essay
 

 72. 

Essay.
Describe the military, economic, political and social causes of the fall of the Roman Empire. After you have described these causes, respond to the statement: “The United States is going the way of ancient Rome.”
 



 
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