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Chap 6 ROME Study Guide



Matching
 
 
Match each person with the correct statement below.
a.
Augustus
e.
Odoacer
b.
Julius Caesar
f.
Paul
c.
Hannibal
g.
Ptolemy
d.
Jesus
h.
Virgil
 

 1. 

Leader of Carthaginian army who crossed the Alps to invade Italy
 

 2. 

General who brought Gaul under Roman control
 

 3. 

First ruler of the Roman Empire
 

 4. 

Author of the Roman epic poem, the Aeneid
 

 5. 

Astronomer who theorized that the Earth was the center of the universe
 

 6. 

Central figure in Christianity
 

 7. 

Jewish convert who spread Christianity from Mesopotamia to Rome
 

 8. 

German leader who ousted the emperor in Rome
 
 
Match each term with the correct statement below.
a.
martyr
d.
patrician
b.
mercenary
e.
plebeian
c.
messiah
 

 9. 

Member of Roman landholding upper class
 

 10. 

Roman farmer, merchant, artisan, or trader
 

 11. 

Anointed king sent by God
 

 12. 

Person who suffers or dies for his or her beliefs
 

 13. 

Foreign soldier who serves for pay
 
 
Match each term with the correct statement below.
a.
aqueduct
d.
republic
b.
heresy
e.
bishop
c.
legion
 

 14. 

Government in which officials are chosen by the people
 

 15. 

Basic unit of the Roman army
 

 16. 

Bridge-like stone structure that brought water from hills to cities
 

 17. 

Church official responsible for all Christians in an area
 

 18. 

A belief that is contrary to official church teachings
 

Multiple Choice
Identify the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question.
 
 
nar001-1.jpg

Figure 6-1
 

 19. 

According to Figure 6-1, the Pax Romana began shortly after the beginning of the rule of
a.
Augustus.
c.
Constantine.
b.
Diocletian.
d.
Theodosius.
 

 20. 

According to Figure 6-1, about how long after the end of the Pax Romana did Rome fall?
a.
100 years
c.
300 years
b.
200 years
d.
400 years
 

 21. 

According to Figure 6-1, which of the following took place shortly after the beginning of the rule of Augustus?
a.
The Pax Romana began.
b.
The Pax Romana ended.
c.
Christianity became the official religion of the Roman Empire.
d.
Rome fell.
 

 22. 

According to Figure 6-1, when did Diocletian divide the Roman Empire into two parts?
a.
during the Pax Romana
b.
after Christianity became the official religion
c.
before Constantine granted freedom of religion
d.
when Rome fell
 

 23. 

In Roman government, who represented the rights of plebeians?
a.
senators
c.
tribunes
b.
patricians
d.
consuls
 

 24. 

After the deaths of the Gracchus brothers, the Roman republic experienced
a.
a series of civil wars.
c.
democratic reforms.
b.
a stable government.
d.
peace and prosperity.
 

 25. 

In the fields of art and literature, Romans were greatly influenced by the culture of
a.
Carthage.
c.
Gaul.
b.
Greece.
d.
Palestine.
 

 26. 

During the empire, the Roman legal system contributed to
a.
the outbreak of civil war.
c.
the downfall of the emperor.
b.
further conquests.
d.
unity and stability.
 

 27. 

Which of the following statements generally describes Rome’s attitude toward the Jews of Palestine?
a.
Romans tolerated the Jews’ religion.
b.
Romans forced Jews to convert to Christianity.
c.
Romans insisted that Jews worship Roman gods.
d.
Romans forbade Jews to worship.
 

 28. 

Jesus proclaimed that his mission was to
a.
overthrow Roman rule.
b.
reject the Ten Commandments.
c.
bring spiritual salvation to believers.
d.
lead the Jews out of Palestine.
 

 29. 

The Pax Romana ended in A.D. 180, after the death of
a.
Julius Caesar.
c.
Diocletian.
b.
Constantine.
d.
Marcus Aurelius.
 

 30. 

Which of the following places did Constantine make the center of power for the Roman Empire?
a.
Jerusalem
c.
Constantinople
b.
Carthage
d.
Rome
 

 31. 

How did the wealth acquired from winning an empire affect Rome?
a.
It benefited the farmers.
b.
It widened the gap between rich and poor.
c.
It provided jobs for people in cities.
d.
It created widespread prosperity.
 

 32. 

The decline of the Roman republic followed a century of civil wars fought over the question of
a.
which gods to worship.
c.
which language to speak.
b.
who should hold power.
d.
how to keep out invaders.
 

 33. 

Roman art and literature blended Roman civilization with that of
a.
Gaul.
c.
Carthage.
b.
Asia Minor.
d.
Greece.
 

 34. 

Which statement generally describes Rome’s attitude toward people of different religions in the empire?
a.
Romans persecuted people who believed in one God.
b.
Romans tolerated religious differences.
c.
Romans forced all people to become Jews.
d.
Romans forbade people to worship many gods.
 

 35. 

Who tried to restore order to the Roman empire?
a.
Caligula and Nero
c.
Attila and Odoacer
b.
Diocletian and Constantine
d.
Hannibal and Mark Antony
 

 36. 

Which of the following was not related to the “fall” of Rome?
a.
Germanic invasions
c.
the assassination of Julius Caesar
b.
corrupt officials
d.
heavy taxes
 

Short Answer
 

 37. 

Describe two positive and two negative ways that winning an empire affected Rome.
 

 38. 

Explain how the policies of Augustus improved social and economic conditions in the Roman empire.
 

 39. 

Explain how Roman art and literature blended different traditions.
 

 40. 

Describe how the basic teachings of Jesus combined Jewish traditions with new beliefs.
 

 41. 

Describe two of Constantine’s actions that had long-lasting effects on Europe.
 

 42. 

Explain the military, political, and social reasons for the “fall” of Rome.
 
 
Read the following excerpt from the Aeneid. Then answer the questions that follow.

“‘The rest of you, all in your prime,’
he [Aeneas’ father] said,
‘Make your escape; you are still hale and strong. . . .
If heaven’s lords had wished me a longer span
They would have saved this home for me. I call it
More than enough that once before I saw
My city taken and wrecked, and went on living.
Here is my death bed, here. Take leave of me.
Depart now. I’ll find death with my sword arm.
The enemy will oblige; they’ll come for spoils.
Burial can be dispensed with. All these years
I’ve lingered in my [helplessness], at odds
With heaven, since the Father of gods and men
Breathed high winds of thunderbolt upon me
And touched me with his fire.’

‘Did you suppose, my father,
That I could tear myself away and leave you?
Unthinkable; how could a father say it?
Now if it please the powers above that nothing
Stand of this great city; if your heart
Is set on adding your own death and ours
To that of Troy, the door’s wide open for it:
Pyrrhus [King of Epirus] will be here, splashed
with Priam’s [King of Troy] blood;
He kills the son before his father’s eyes,
The father at the altars.

My dear mother [the goddess Aphrodite],
Was it for this, through spears and fire, you brought me,
To see the enemy deep in my house,
To see my son, Ascanius, my father,
And near them both, Creusa [Aeneas’ wife],
Butchered in one another’s blood? My gear,
Men, bring my gear. The last light calls the conquered.
Give me back to the Greeks. Let me take up
The combat once again. We shall not all die this day unavenged.’”
 

 43. 

Why did Aeneas return home to Troy when the city was being attacked by Greeks?
 

 44. 

Why did Aeneas’ father refuse to leave the city?
 

 45. 

What decision did Aeneas make?
 

 46. 

What does this excerpt from Virgil’s poem reveal about Roman values?
 

Essay
 

 47. 

Making Comparisons  Why was Italy easier to unify than Greece?
 

 48. 

Determining Cause and Effect  How did the wealth of the Roman empire cause social problems?
 

 49. 

Drawing Conclusions  How did geography help the Romans build a world empire?
 

 50. 

Analyzing Information  How did Roman law protect the rights of an accused person?
 

 51. 

Analyzing Information  Explain how Roman ideas served as a model for democratic governments.
 

 52. 

Drawing Conclusions  Why might a commitment to law and justice be considered Rome’s greatest legacy?
 



 
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