Things to Know
- Who does a prosecuting attorney represent?
- What is an order by the Supreme Court directing a lower court to
send it the records of a case called?
- What is the job of an appellate court when it takes a case on
- How does someone become a federal judge?
- Which of these established the present system of federal and
- What is the burden of proof in a civil trial? In a criminal
- What is an amicus curiae brief and who can submit one to
the Supreme Court?
- What is the term for a person who files a lawsuit in a civil
- Know these judicial philosophies: Loose construction,
Judicial activism, Judicial restraint
What determines which appeals the Supreme Court will hear?
Are the following from a Criminal Case, a Civil Case, or Both?
- Deals with cases where a law of society is broken
- Deals with cases which are arguments between individuals.
- In this type of case the burden of proof is the "preponderance
- The satisfaction for this type of case might be prison,
probation or a fine.
- The satisfaction for this type of case would be paying damages.
- This kind of case has defendants.
- This kind of case would be tried in a government courtroom.
- The kind of case which would have a plaintiff
- This type of case would not be tried in a court of law.
Know these numbers!
- How many U.S. Courts of Appeal are there?
- How many members are on a trial jury?
- How many judges sit on a U.S. appeals court?
- How many federal district courts are there?
- How many Supreme Court justices does it take to decide if they
will take a case?
We have both Illinois State courts and US Federal courts. Which
are these:? Both? Neither?
- Judges for these courts are elected
- Judges for these courts are appointed.
- These courts have trial and appellate level courts.
- These courts make their decisions based on "errors of law" in
the trial courts.
Judicial Review TRUE (A) or FALSE (B)
- Judicial review is a power given to the Supreme Court in the
- Judicial review is the power that Supreme Court has been given
to review Acts of Congress and call them unconstitutional.
- The Supreme Court can use its power of judicial review to
reverse some actions of the President of the United States.
- Judicial review was first used by Chief Justice John Marshall in
the case Marbury v. Madison.
Know the meaning of these Latin phrases: Stare Decisis, Amicus
Curiae, Writ of Certiorari
Get these matching matched up right! A. "Rule of 4" B.
Judicial Activism C. Judicial Restraint D. 100-150 E. 1000
- About how many cases does the Supreme Court take every year?
- The way Supreme Court Justices choose which cases they will
- Interpreting the law to benefit minorities, women, the
underserved and unrepresented.
- Interpreting the law on the basis of what it says. Believing
that legislatures should make social policy, not judges.
Know these: Concurrent opinion, Majority opinion, Dissenting
Short Answer. Chief Justice of the Supreme Court John Roberts
likened the work of judges to umpires. He wrote: "They make sure
everybody plays by the rules. But it is a limited role. Nobody ever went
to a ballgame to see the umpire."
Does Roberts believe in judicial activism or judicial restraint? Use
the quote above to explain your answer.