Study Guide for Mr. Pahl's Civics Final

Review podcast notes on the following topics...

UNIT 1, FOUNDATIONS.

Study Theories for the Origin of Government

  • Force Theory,
  • Evolutionary Theory,
  • Divine Right Theory,
  • Social Contract Theory

Chapter 2. Study the Various Forms of Government

  • Monarchy
  • Parliamentary democracy
  • Single party state
  • Presidential democracy
  • Theocracy

Chapter 3. Roots of American Democracy

  • Rome,
  • Greece,
  • Christianity,
  • Enlightenment thinkers John Locke and Baron Montesquieu,
  • Great documents from English history

UNIT 2, ACTIVE CITIZENSHIP and UNIT 3, POLITICAL BELIEFS.
Chapter 7, Citizenship

UNIT 4, ELECTIONS and UNIT 5, STRUCTURE OF THE US GOVERNMENT.
Chapter 11-12. Study Congress

• What is NOT a check that the Congress has on the Executive branch (Presidency)?
• What kind of groups are caucuses and coalitions that form among members of Congress?
• What is the title of the leader of the US Senate?
• Which of these committees is permanent, the kind of committee that handles most of Congress' business?
• Which kind of committee is formed to iron out a House and Senate version of a bill so that there can be a single language?
• Who has the power to declare war in our system of government?
• When a President does not sign a bill and ten days pass, and Congress is still in session, what is the result?
• Which of these is the most key factor in choosing committee chairs?

Chapter 13.Study the roles of the Presidency.

  • Chief Citizen,
  • Head of state,
  • Head of the party,
  • Commander in chief,
  • Chief legislator,
  • Manager of the economy

Chapter 15.Study these terms related to the podcast on the Courts

  • “Rule of 4”,
  • Judicial Activism,
  • Judicial Restraint
  • About how many cases does the Supreme Court take every year?

UNIT 6, THE CONSTITUTION .
Constitution… study these questions among others from the Constitution podcasts

  • The principle of Popular Sovereignty?
  • What are some specific powers the Senate has in Congress that the House does not have?
  • What does the executive branch of government do?
  • Federal Judges and Supreme Court Justices serve for how long of a term?
  • What amendment gave citizens the right to bear arms?
  • Who must approve any proposed amendment to the Illinois Constitution?

UNIT 7. THE U.S. AND THE WORLD