Name(s):     Period: 
 
Are you glad for America's roots that give us so much freedom today? 

chap3sec2

Multiple Choice
Identify the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question.
 

 1. 

Which of the following is an evidence of the influence of Judaism in our nation’s democratic principles?
a.
We attempt to have a society based on respect for law
c.
10 Commandments posted in most of our courtrooms
b.
The anti-Semitism of KKK
d.
The Torah scrolls in public school classrooms.
 

 2. 

Caste systems do not treat people as equals. In America people are treated equally before the law. What is the religious root of this concept?
a.
Judaism
c.
Hinduism
b.
Christianity
d.
Ancient Rome
 

 3. 

What is natural law?
a.
the law of the “birds and bees”, of nature
c.
An unwritten law above human law with universal application
b.
The law of the United States
d.
The law which causes the state of nature to be dangerous.
 

 4. 

A New England town meeting is an example of
a.
Direct democracy, which came from Rome
c.
Indirect democracy, which came from Greece and Rome
b.
Direct democracy, which came from Greece.
d.
Civic virtue
 

Matching
 
 
Match each item with the correct statement below.
a.
Magna Carta
c.
The English Bill of Rights
b.
Petition of Right
d.
None of these
 

 5. 

1628, limited King Charles, setting up the concept of limited government.
 

 6. 

1215, a document that set the rule of law on English nobles and the King.
 

 7. 

 The document of the “Glorious Revolution” which gave Englishmen the right to bear arms and freedom from cruel and unusual punishment
 

 8. 

Established the principle that the common people can break the law if it helps to topple the reigning King.
 

 9. 

The written document that gave kings the right to petition for the imprisoning of those who dissented from the monarchy.
 
 
Match each item with the correct statement below.
a.
Hobbes
d.
Rousseau
b.
Locke
e.
None of these
c.
Montesquieu
 

 10. 

Wrote that the solution to the problems of the state of nature was a very strong government which could protect citizens.
 

 11. 

The only Russian philosopher on the list
 

 12. 

His idea about the provisional nature of the social contract was used by Jefferson in writing the Declaration of Independence.
 

 13. 

His idea of the “general will” led to the idea of popular sovereignty.
 

 14. 

The American founders borrowed his idea of separation of powers which led to our three branches of government.
 

 15. 

The English philosopher who believed that men were good and would prosper in the state of nature.
 

Short Answer
 
 
Critical Thinking
 

 16. 

Explain the concept of the social contract.  Name one of the Enlightenment philosophers who believed it and what he said about it.
 



 
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