8.1 The Early Middle Ages
Be able to describe why Europe was a frontier land in the early Middle Ages
Be able to describe how invasions affected the people of Western Europe.
Understand and explain how Charlemagne blended Roman, German, and Christian
Europe’s great potential…
Islam: Battle of Tours, 732 AD
Revival of learning: palace school, Aachen
Charlemagne’s legacy. (Didn’t last…)
New Attacks…. Vikings
- 8.2 Feudalism and the Manor Economy
- Be able to explain how feudalism shaped medieval society.
- Be able to describe the status of noblewomen in medieval Europe:
The “lady” was “Lord of the manor” / Eleanor of Aquitaine was Queen of
France and Queen of England / Women’s right to inheritance was severely
restricted under the feudal system.
- Be able to identify the basis of the manor economy. (Feudalism/SERFDOM!)
SERFDOM! Average lifespan: 35 (Hunger) Hard
work Church festivals
8.3 The Medieval Church
- Be able to explain how the Church dominated life in the Middle Ages
(The void from the fall of Rome was replaced by the dominance of the Church
in daily life...)
- Be able to describe how monks and nuns influenced European life.
- Benedictine Rule - Social services - Learning - Missionaries - Nuns
lost power over time
- Be able to explain why reform movements sprang up in the church.
- Discipline weakened - Worldliness, luxury, moral decline - (Pope
Gregory prevented simony [selling of church positions] and
marriage for priests
- 8.3 Church vocabulary
- Secular Sacrament Canon law
Excommunication Interdict Tithe
- 8.4 Economic Expansion and Change
- Be able to explain how new technologies led to an agricultural
- 800, iron plows…Horse harness Windmills 3-field system
(grain, legume, fallow)
- Result: the population doubled between 1000-1300 AD
- Be able to identify and explain the economic and social changes that
occurred in the High Middle Ages.
- COMMERCIAL REVOLUTION -
- THE USE OF Money undermined serfdom...
- A middle class developed between the nobles and peasants
- Trade fairs - Merchant companies - Towns, charters -
Partnerships - Insurance - Bill of Exchange
- Be able to describe life in a medieval town. (Merchant guilds vs. Craft
guilds, apprenticeship…, filth, crowded)