8.1 The Early Middle Ages
Be able to describe why Europe was a frontier land in the early Middle Ages
Be able to describe how invasions affected the people of Western Europe.
Understand and explain how Charlemagne blended Roman, German, and Christian traditions

Europe’s great potential…
Germanic kingdoms
Islam: Battle of Tours, 732 AD
Revival of learning: palace school, Aachen
Charlemagne’s legacy. (Didn’t last…)
New Attacks…. Vikings

8.3 The Medieval Church