Review 1 for World History Final

 
 

 

 

 

Prehistory to Neolithic
Prehistory
BCE, CE, BC, AD
Mono- and poly- theistic
Civilization: writing, gov, arts, (artisans)
Scribes
First cities location
Mesopotamian pattern: city-statesempire
Cultural diffusion: migration, war, trade

Egypt
Chief geographic factor: The Nile (silt)
Afterlife: Field of food or Eater-of-the-dead
Hieroglyphics (picture writing) – records (Demotic…for everyday use…) Rosetta stone
Mummies

Mesopotamia
The Fertile Crescent-SW Asia
Sumerians: City-states (Ziggurats)
Developed cuneiform, the first writing
Phoenicians: first alphabet, traders
Babylonians: Hammurabi’s Code

Hebrews (Jews)
First monotheists
The Torah
India
Geography:
Indus and Ganges rivers
N. mountain ranges – isolated
Monsoons summer: bring rain winter: hot air
Culture:
Development of “Arabic” numerals, zero
Caste system, informal, then fixed (except by karma and reincarnation)
Hinduism. Brahman pervades - ahimsa

China
Geography
Yellow and Yangtze rivers
Culture:
Buddhism 4 Noble truths-to get release from suffering, follow the
8 fold path
Reach nirvana, release…
Inventive, eg. silk-making, porcelain
Chinese writing
Patriarchical family life
Confucius. Wisdom for social order, leaders lead by example
Daoism. Let nature, not government

Classical Era - Greece
Geography: coastlines, rugged mountains (led to development of city-states)
Athens (culture) v. Sparta (military)
Golden Age under Pericles
They united to defeat Persia, then Athens led (Delian League, to guard against Persia…)
Peloponnesian Wars (between Athens, Sparta) it brought the end to Athenian greatness
Philosophers: Socrates, Plato, Aristotle
Alexander the Great: spread Greek culture
Hellenism: Greek, Persian, Indian, Egyptian