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Chapter 4 Empires of India, China

Matching
 
 
Match each term with the correct statement below.
a.
karma
d.
reincarnation
b.
dharma
e.
moksha
c.
atman
f.
ahimsa
 

 1. 

Rebirth of the soul in another bodily form
 

 2. 

union with brahman
 

 3. 

the essential self
 

 4. 

the results reaped by one’s actions
 

 5. 

one’s duty
 

 6. 

non-violence
 
 
Match each person with the correct statement below.
a.
Asoka
d.
Siddhartha Gautama
b.
Brahma
e.
Shi Huangdi
c.
Confucius
 

 7. 

Hindu god known as the Creator
 

 8. 

Founder of Buddhism
 

 9. 

Maurya emperor who converted to Buddhism
 

 10. 

Philosopher whose ideas helped shape Chinese civilization for 2,500 years
 

 11. 

Qin emperor who united China
 
 
Match each person with the correct statement below.
a.
Asoka
e.
Hanfeizi
b.
Chandragupta Maurya
f.
Liu Bang
c.
Confucius
g.
Shi Huangdi
d.
Siddhartha Gautama
h.
Shiva
 

 12. 

Hindu god known as the Destroyer
 

 13. 

The “Enlightened One” who founded Buddhism
 

 14. 

Ruler who established the first great Indian empire
 

 15. 

Maurya emperor who paved the way for the spread of Buddhism throughout Asia
 

 16. 

Chinese philosopher who believed that people were naturally good
 

 17. 

Chinese legalist philosopher who taught that “the nature of man is evil”
 

 18. 

Qin emperor who united China and built the Great Wall
 

 19. 

Emperor who founded the Han dynasty
 
 
Match the holy book with its religion.
a.
Analects
d.
The Way of Virtue
b.
Tripitaka
e.
None of these
c.
Vedas
 

 20. 

Daoism
 

 21. 

Hinduism
 

 22. 

Buddhism
 

 23. 

Legalism
 

 24. 

Confucianism
 
 
grp005-1.jpg
a.
A
d.
D
b.
B
e.
E
c.
C
f.
F
 

 25. 

Qin
 

 26. 

Han
 

 27. 

Mauryan
 

 28. 

Gupta
 

 29. 

Greece
 

 30. 

Rome
 
 
Match each statement with one of the three Schools of Thought:
a.
Confucianism
c.
Legalism
b.
Daoism
d.
None of these
 

 31. 

Small or little government is best
 

 32. 

Follow the way
 

 33. 

Men are evil and need to be held in check by strong laws
 

 34. 

Stength, not goodness, is a ruler’s best characteristic.
 

 35. 

Filial piety is a great virtue
 

 36. 

Fathers who follow nature, strict laws, and show kindness to children are best
 

 37. 

Great concern with worldly goals, good government, and social order.
 

 38. 

People will follow the example of a good ruler
 

Multiple Choice
Identify the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question.
 

 39. 

India enjoyed a golden age during the Gupta dynasty because
a.
the government followed the laws of Legalism.
b.
the government promoted peace and prosperity.
c.
the dynasty had specially trained women warriors.
d.
a strong central government ruled with a strong hand.
 

 40. 

Hindus believed that caste could be changed by
a.
the emperor.
c.
the law of karma.
b.
marriage.
d.
moving.
 

 41. 

The government of Indian villages was administered by
a.
the emperor.
c.
soldiers.
b.
Brahmins.
d.
a village council.
 

 42. 

Which philosophy taught that government should pass strict laws and enforce them with harsh punishments?
a.
Confucianism
c.
Daoism
b.
Legalism
d.
Buddhism
 

 43. 

Han rulers based their policies on the teachings of
a.
Confucius.
c.
Hanfeizi.
b.
Laozi.
d.
the Buddha.
 

 44. 

The trade route that linked China with the west became known as the
a.
Great Wall.
c.
Silk Road.
b.
civil service system.
d.
military districts.
 

 45. 

Both Hindus and Buddhists believe in
a.
nonviolence.
c.
the caste system.
b.
many gods.
d.
formal rituals.
 

 46. 

The golden age of India took place during the rule of the
a.
Mauryas.
c.
Guptas.
b.
Romans.
d.
Dravidians.
 

 47. 

In Hindu society, one of the benefits of the caste system was
a.
gave people a goal to strive for.
c.
it aided the poor.
b.
the way it attracted outsiders to settle in India.
d.
ensured a stable social order
 

 48. 

In an Indian household, the head of the family was the
a.
mother.
c.
oldest daughter.
b.
father.
d.
youngest son.
 

 49. 

Indian villages were ruled by
a.
a priest.
c.
a village council.
b.
a soldier.
d.
the emperor.
 

 50. 

Confucius taught the Chinese people that their most important duty was
a.
loyalty to the state.
c.
achieving salvation.
b.
care of the poor.
d.
respect for parents.
 

 51. 

Han emperors based their rule on the teachings of
a.
the Buddha.
c.
Hanfeizi.
b.
Confucius.
d.
Laozi.
 

 52. 

China became the most technologically advanced civilization in the world under the rule of the
a.
Gupta dynasty.
c.
Qin dynasty.
b.
Zhou dynasty.
d.
Han dynasty.
 

Short Answer
 

 53. 

List at least two major differences between Legalism and Daoism.
 

 54. 

Can moksha and nirvana be considered as essentially the same thing, the same state of enlightenment?  Why or why not? Give your reasoning... (In your answer be sure to tell from which religion each concept came...)
 

 55. 

Name at least 3 of the Four Noble Truths:
 



 
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