Name: 
 

TEST Chapter 7 The Americas



Multiple Choice
Identify the letter of the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question.
 

1. 

The earliest people who migrated to the Americas came from
a.
Europe.
c.
Africa.
b.
Asia.
d.
As Mr. Pahl taught early in the year, it's hard to be certain here.  They came from  Europe, and several different ways from Asia.
 

2. 

The first American civilization emerged along the
a.
Mississippi River.
c.
desert coast of South America.
b.
Mexican Gulf Coast.
d.
Amazon River.
 

3. 

Which of the following civilizations ruled an area that included the Andes Mountains?
a.
Olmecs
c.
Aztecs
b.
Mayas
d.
Incas
 

4. 

The Incan road system was built primarily for the purpose of allowing
a.
people to travel to religious festivals.
b.
farmers to carry tribute to the Sapa Inca.
c.
armies and news to move rapidly throughout the empire.
d.
traders to come into the empire.
 

5. 

The Incan Chosen Women were trained to
a.
serve the sun god.
c.
run the government.
b.
become soldiers.
d.
keep official records.
 

6. 

Which of the following reflects the influence of Middle American civilizations on North American cultures?
a.
Iroquois League
c.
Cahokia temple mound
b.
potlatch
d.
dog sleds
 
 
Culture
Group
Time
Period
Cultural
Characteristic

Location
Hohokam
C.A.D. 900–1500
farmers
Arizona
Anasazi
A.D. 900–1300
cliff dwellers
Four Corners
Hopewell
100 B.C.A.D. 500
Mound Builders
Ohio Valley
Mississippians
A.D. 700–1200
Mound Builders
Illinois

Figure 7-1
 

7. 

Based on Figure 7-1, what did the Hopewell and the Mississippians have in common?
a.
They lived at the same time.
b.
They were Mound Builders.
c.
They lived in the desert southwest.
d.
They were cliff dwellers.
 

8. 

Based on Figure 7-1, the earliest of these culture groups lived in
a.
Arizona.
c.
the Ohio Valley.
b.
the Four Corners region.
d.
Illinois.
 

9. 

Which of the following statements is true according to Figure 7-1?
a.
The Mound Builders lived in Arizona.
b.
The Mississippians disappeared in A.D. 500.
c.
The Hohokam were Mound Builders.
d.
The Anasazi were cliff dwellers.
 

10. 

Which of the culture groups listed in Figure 7-1 had disappeared before the others emerged?
a.
the Hohokam
c.
the Hopewell
b.
the Anasazi
d.
the Mississippian
 

11. 

The first people who migrated to North America came by way of a land bridge across the present-day
a.
Rocky Mountains.
c.
Bering Strait.
b.
Mississippi River.
d.
Yucatán Peninsula.
 

12. 

Mayas developed an accurate solar calendar so they could
a.
plant crops at the proper time.
b.
hold religious ceremonies at the correct moment.
c.
build pyramids on schedule.
d.
record historical events.
 

13. 

Which of the following statements describes Mayan government?
a.
Each city had its own ruling chief.
b.
Only men could rule.
c.
A king ruled all Mayan city-states.
d.
The emperor claimed divine power.
 

14. 

The Incan empire included the
a.
Valley of Mexico.
c.
Andes Mountains.
b.
Yucatán Peninsula.
d.
Mexican Gulf coast.
 

15. 

Peoples conquered by the Incas were
a.
used as slaves.
c.
sacrificed to the gods.
b.
trained as priests.
d.
enlisted in the Incan armies.
 

16. 

Which of the following peoples united their empire with a road system that extended more than 12,000 miles?
a.
Incas
c.
Mayas
b.
Aztecs
d.
Olmecs
 

17. 

Who made the elaborate clothing worn by the Sapa Inca?
a.
the Coya
c.
the priests
b.
the Chosen Women
d.
the guardian spirits of the empire
 

18. 

Native Americans in North America developed different cultures that were influenced by
a.
monotheism.
b.
the Incas.
c.
the environments in which they lived.
d.
the Greeks.
 

Matching
 
 
Match each term with the correct statement below.
a.
igloo
d.
quipu
b.
kiva
e.
tribute
c.
potlatch
 

19. 

Payment from conquered peoples
 

20. 

Knotted, colored strings used for keeping records
 

21. 

Large underground chamber used for religious ceremonies
 

22. 

Dome-shaped home made from snow and ice
 

23. 

Ceremony in which a wealthy host distributes gifts to guests
 
 
Match each term with the correct statement below.
a.
Cahokia
d.
Teotihuacán
b.
Cuzco
e.
Tikal
c.
Tenochtitlán
 

24. 

Largest Mayan city
 

25. 

City that dominated the Valley of Mexico from A.D. 100 to A.D. 750
 

26. 

Aztec capital
 

27. 

Capital of Incan empire
 

28. 

Ceremonial center of the Mississippian culture
 
 
Match each term with the correct statement below.
a.
Adena
e.
Inti
b.
Anasazi
f.
Inuits
c.
Hohokams
g.
Olmecs
d.
Huitzilopochtli
h.
Pachacuti
 

29. 

People of the first American civilization
 

30. 

Aztec sun god
 

31. 

Founder of the Incan empire
 

32. 

Incan sun god
 

33. 

Farming civilization in the desert southwest of North America
 

34. 

Cliff-dwellers of Mesa Verde
 

35. 

Early Mound Builders in the Ohio Valley
 

36. 

Native American culture of the far north
 



 
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